Indian Government Courts Tesla for Manufacturing

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Inside of Tesla’s Fremont, CA plant. ( Picture thanks to Tesla Motors. )

Is Tesla the continuing future of electric vehicles (EVs)?

There are certainly skeptics, if the automotive startup would be to have any kind of chance of learning to be a major player then it must expand. However , Tesla can’t be prepared to achieve a really global impact without opening a minumum of one manufacturing facility in Asia.

The Indian government seems to agree and its own Minister of Road Transport, Shipping and highways, Nitin Gadkari, has been campaigning to create India Tesla’s Asian making hub. Gadkari lately visited the company’s Fremont, California plant to plead his situation.

According to an official declaration from the Indian federal government, the minister offered Tesla property near main Indian ports to help the export of its automobiles to South and South East Asian countries.

“Tesla senior executives admitted that their manufacturing hub has to be outside the US for markets in the rest of the globe and appreciated the Indian offer you of cooperation, which they said will certainly be considered at the appropriate time in the future, ” the statement read. “They said India will definitely be a market for his or her next generation, low cost, sustainable Model 3. ”

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Elon Musk with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also visited Tesla Motors last year, as part of his federal government ’s initiative to encourage EV transportation in the national nation.

“Replying to particular queries from the Transfer and Highways Minister regarding production of electric trucks, two-wheelers and buses, the Tesla team said they will have future plans for pick-right up and trucks vans, however, not two-wheelers and buses, ” the statement read.

Tesla: Made in India?

Although Tesla has repeatedly described its Fremont plant’s optimum production capacity as approximately 500, 000 cars each year, the ongoing company is projecting to make 90, 000 vehicles in 2016.

Elon Musk’s Master Plan, Component Deux predicts that “ somewhere within a 5 to 10-fold enhancement is achievable by version 3 on a roughly 2- calendar year iteration cycle. ”

Provided the characterization of the initial Model 3 factory as “ version 0. 5, with version 1 . 0 probably in 2018, ” Tesla won’t be up to full production capacity until 2022. Quite simply, the company won’t actually need to expand anytime soon, which makes the prospect of India becoming Tesla’s Asian producing hub a rather distant one.

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Bajaj Auto plant in Pune, India. (Image courtesy of Bajaj Auto. )

Nevertheless, suppose Tesla does get to the stage where it’s seriously considering a manufacturing facility in Asia. Does India make the most sense? The company’s lack of interest in buses and two-wheeled vehicles suggests that India is not an ideal market for Tesla.

China could support a lot more luxury vehicle sales even though matching as well as beating India’s property and labor costs potentially. Actually, Jon McNeill, Tesla’s president of worldwide sales, has formerly implied that the company’s following factory may be in China.

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What Is High-Performance Computing and How Can Engineers Use It?

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Interconnected nodes of an HPC system.

High-performance computing (HPC) is becoming increasingly more popular and important in the world of engineering. But defining what HPC is and figuring out how it can be deployed to aid designers can be tricky. And, honestly, it shouldn’t be that way. In this content, I’m going to present an obvious definition of what HPC will be, how it could be effectively found in engineering and what type of HPC solutions are available today. By the final end of the article, you should have clear look at of how HPC can help your engineering practice and what HPC options will best suit your needs.

What Is HPC?

What constitutes a HPC system is a difficult thing to pin down. Some would say that a HPC system is the exact same as a traditional supercomputer, and others disagree, saying that a HPC can be a cluster of machines linked together across a fast local area network. Also, now concepts like the cloud possess entered into the HPC discussion begging the relevant question, does a firm even have to own a HPC system?

In the end, HPC is all about the aggregation of computing resources to solve complex problems that can’t be tackled by a workstation. Pursuing on that definition, a few of you shall say, doesn’t that mean that high-performance computers are usually supercomputers? To which I’d need to answer, no .

Supercomputers certainly are a specialized subset of HPC which are set aside from ordinary clusters of machines . Sure, supercomputers like those on the TOP 500 list aggregate computing power to make short function of a few of the world’s nearly all complicated problems, but they’re furthermore governed by customized software, oftentimes written for every problem being addressed purposefully. Add to that the fact that supercomputers contain, in the most powerful cases, an incredible number of cores and can cost huge amount of money to perform each full year, and you begin to visit a gulf in course between supercomputers along with other high-performance computer systems. For the purposes, those supercomputers aren’t the same as the HPC systems that most engineers would use to speed up their design cycles or optimize their designs. Still, it has to be noted that many engineers working on today’s most difficult problems are vying for time on the world’s most powerful computers.

So, what would a high-performance pc system an everyday engineer would make use of look like?

In the first place, most HPC systems are designed around a processor and something or even more GPUs in a RAID array. GPUs play a crucial role in HPC performance since they can take on the most extreme computation, leaving the CPU to do the yeoman’s work of running applications. The real reason for this strategy boils down to the differences in how GPUs and CPUs are created. Traditionally, CPUs contain many cores which are optimized for serial processing. However, GPUs contain many more little cores that are built into a massively parallel architecture. Because each of these little cores can do a tiny bit of work in parallel with the thousands of cores around them, complex problems can be efficiently broken down and solved. But more on that later on.

Forms of HPC Systems:

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A cluster computer.

Right now that we’ve got a simple understanding concerning the nuts and bolt of what drives a HPC program, it’s time and energy to look at some typically common HPC configurations.

It could come as a surprise, but a HPC scheme might not appear too alien. Instead, a HPC scheme might just look like a cluster of workstations, distributed across an office plus linked with a fast LAN together. Of course , apart from each of these devices (called nodes in the world of HPC), there’d furthermore be a master machine that would run a piece of off-the-shelf simulation software and marshal the unused resources of a cluster to handle the job of solving the day’s nearly all fiendish design problem.

Like the networked node schema, another HPC construction revolves around a new centralized server rack or racks which can be tied together with each other to crunch big calculations. Apart from being proudly located in a central place, a server can be used as a HPC system that’s solely dedicated to solving complex problems with all of its processing might.

In addition to machines that are physically located at a firm, high-performance computers may also be called down from the cloud in a number of different configurations. Actually, cloud-based HPC is rapidly becoming one of the most popular HPC options due to the low cost and simplicity. With cloud-based HPC, enormous and scalable levels of computing power can be known as down from a Web browser and used when and where a company needs it.
While workstation-, server- or cloud-based HPC configurations are the norm today, in the near future, HPC might just branch out and begin to take advantage of the small processors that run our mobile phones. Provided the ubiquity of phones around the world, it doesn’t seem too much a stretch to assume a generous cell phone proprietor downloading an app that may control a cellphone and use its processing energy when it enters a certain mode or during a certain user-specified time of day. In fact , this kind of computing has been done.

Still, it’ll likely be some time just before cellphone owners begin sharing their computing strength. However , I could definitely imagine a time where some industrious programmer ( or even a behemoth like Amazon) develops an app that allows phone owners to earn credits or small amounts of cash for each equation that his / her phone solves.

Now think about that kind of computing power being lassoed together on a million-processor, possibly even billion-processor, scale. That could be a truly incredible HPC configuration.

Where Can HPC be utilized by Engineers?

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Computational liquid dynamics help engineers make design decisions. (Image thanks to Wikipedia. )

With regards to engineering uses for HPC, decreasing answer is, needless to say, simulation. Computer simulation is really a numbers game where digital models are pitted against simulated physics to determine the model’s viability. Of course, many calculation have to be solved for a simulation to become valid, making simulation a prime candidate for HPC.

Today are designed for FEA calculations and some amount of multivariable design queries some workstations, when it comes to the bigger end, multiphysics simulations, there’s just no replacement for a HPC scheme.

But , why exactly can HPC schemes make a difference when it comes to complex multiphysics or computational fluid dynamics calculations? The answer comes down to parallel computing.

Parallel computing is a fairly straightforward concept. With parallel computing, huge or complex problems are divided into smaller pieces in order that more manageable calculations could be made to solve the bigger whole. Within an HPC scheme, a main, or master, computer reduces a complex issue and assigns a portion of this nagging problem to a new node. After the node receives its part of the problem, it will crunch the data it’s given and return a result to the master computer. That process will continue across every node in a HPC scheme until the larger problem is ultimately solved.

But before we get too far down that rabbit hole, let’s go back to simulation, among the best ways that engineers may leverage HPC.

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Airbus’ generatively designed aircraft partition. (Image Thanks to Airbus)

As it is possible to tell from its title, multiphysics simulation is really a complex subject. Generally, multiphysics simulation attempts to find out how two or more closely related natural phenomena will affect a design . For example , multiphysics simulations might take into account how a fluid will flow by way of a channel based on its chemical substance composition and viscosity or how turbulence will undoubtedly be created by a surface area as it moves by way of a fluid. Generally, multiphysics simulation needs solving paired partial differential equations, a degree of math that is time consuming for some and might be impossible for others (i. e. me). Than breaking the brains of an engineer rather, HPC systems may be used to tackle these kinds of equations in short purchase, speeding up style cycles and producing an engineering team better.

A new subset of simulation (though in addition, it borders on style ) that also advantages from HPC is generative style. Generative design combines parametric modeling with an evolutionary model to explore design permutations. Guided by rules and constraints that are prescribed by a designer, generative design can iterate through several hundred or thousands of design solutions even, learning from each one coming to developing an optimized (or several optimized) geometric solution.

In practice, generative design provides been found in architecture extensively; however , today, engineers are starting to leverage the technology. For instance, Airbus has an ambitious project to reimagine the commercial airliner as a whole. Through the use of generative design, Airbus engineers have taken the first step in this multidecade project already.
In its first try to change the true way that airplanes are designed , Airbus decided to decrease the weight and structure of its compartment partitions while still retaining their overall strength. By using generative design, Airbus found that its partitions could be made 30 percent lighter while also becoming stronger. Considering that Airbus’ generative algorithm made various hundred iterations of its partition, it’s no question why HPC, by means of cloud computing, was utilized to crunch this enormous task.

Though simulation and generative design are 2 of the most apparent avenues for engineers to use HPC, the Internet of Things (IoT) may have the biggest impact on HPC’s future.

At this very moment, companies across the globe are packing their products and factories full of sensors meant to collect data and document on user and device behavior. Companies which have bought in to the IoT revolution think that the more information they collect, the better they are able to optimize product development ( with a better knowledge of what customers want), product design (by understanding how customers are using a product ) and production (by knowing how a machine is operating, optimizing material supply and much more).

With all this new data being generated by items flung all around the global world, reliable and powerful HPC systems will undoubtedly be had a need to collect that given information, sort through it and make sense of what it’s saying.

Because IoT is coming on so strong and consumers seem to be interested in connected products, it would be a shock if HPC use didn’t begin to grow at an unprecedented rate-which leads me to my final point.

HPC and Infinite Computing:

Since the microprocessor’s invention in the 1970s, computing has become less expensive and more ubiquitous. In fact , within a write-up composed for Wired, Autodesk’s CEO Carl Bass mentioned, “ We have been on the verge of a revolution. It’s a technological, cultural and societal revolution called infinite computing. Infinite computing may be the confluence of three tendencies: an exponential increase in available computing power, access to that energy and the precipitous fall in the price of that power. Today, computing is the most affordable resource we are able to throw at a nagging issue. So when one combines these tendencies with the scalability that people is now able to gain access to via the cloud, we are able to deploy hundreds, thousands even, of computers to help solve the growing number of challenges we face as designers, engineers and artists today. ”

In my opinion, Bass is right. Computing is becoming so inexpensive that it’s absolutely necessary for engineers to begin engaging it as a partner in the design process and not just a tool used to create a design. To get this done, HPC, especially cloud-based HPC, should end up being tapped into at a rate that seriously isn’t being seen right now. However , I believe that the increase of IoT integration in item design will lead engineering groups to start using HPC regularly. With that experience, engineers and their managers will begin to look for more avenues to exploit HPC-and the most obvious candidate for HPC expansion is design.

But what will a partnership with HPC bring to an engineering firm? Well, aside from being more efficient at solving problems, HPC could bring higher complexity to a product, making it more capable and more valuable. HPC and properly tuned generative algorithms and software could imagine designs that would never occur to the human mind. Eventually, HPC and ever-evolving generative design programs could make excellent developers out of anyone, and a future where good design comes from everywhere would be an excellent future in which to live and work.

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Formula Pi – An Autonomous Robot Racing League

Timothy Freeburn and his team at Piborg. org want the world to be more aware and accepting of autonomous vehicles. The group has built a track in their UK headquarters and plans to launch a racing series called Formula Pi. A Kickstarter campaign has been launched, asking for funds to build the autonomous vehicles and outfit their track with a timing system. Backers can get YetiBorg robotic kits for themselves or buy entries in to the race series.

Freeburn has used Kickstarter like a platform to start ZeroBorg previously, the robots that make use of Raspberry Pi Zero because the controller and will become the racers for Formulation Pi. The automobiles will continue steadily to use Pi Zero because the base and will assistance Raspberry Pi V1 and V2 cameras. Each one of the car’s four tires is driven by way of a six Volt Zheng DC electric motor, and the frame is made from two millimeter light weight aluminum plate. The track itself functions five turns, three straighaways and 22. 9 meters of duration in the guts lane.

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The current plan would be to release one standard Python code that race owners from all over the world may use as a base and modify because they wish. Programming lessons will undoubtedly be available through the race series website after the Kickstarter campaign has ended on August 22. Two series of racing are planned at this point, Winter from October 2016 to January 2017, from April 2017 to July 2017 and Summer.

Formula Pi can be an awesome task for robotics and programming fans alike, and the racing aspects contact to the engineer in every of us. The overall objective of pressing acceptance for autonomous automobiles while also creating more knowing of robotics is a good future state to purpose toward. There’s an excellent video on the campaign web page of the team’s first tries at obtaining their bots to operate a vehicle autonomously on the monitor – seeing the iterative design process is definitely fascinating to me and viewing the YetiBorgs make incremental improvement is inspiring. Future concepts from the team add a racing series constructed with a focus on speed rather than precision, and adding different robot configurations and new racing classes.

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Octopuses Inspire New Suction-Based Adhesive

Octopuses (yes, that’s the correct pluralization) are perfect creatures. If you’ve in no way seen it before, have a look at this video of the normal octopus’ anything-but-common camouflage:

Engineers in the Ulsan National Institute of Research and Technology (UNIST) were recently inspired by another amazing octopus attribute: their tentacles.

The researchers have already been working towards building an adhesive with the next properties:

Repeated usage
More powerful bonds and faster bonding time
No toxicity
Effectiveness in wet conditions along with other various extremes
After studying the suction capabilities of octopus tentacles, a tentacle-inspired bio-adhesive could meet each one of these criteria.

Based on the united team, “Flexible stress sensors might give potential future robots and prosthetics an improved sense of touch; building them requires a large amount of laborious transferring of nano- and microribbons of inorganic semiconductor components onto polymer sheets. ”

To facilitate transfer publishing, the team, led by Hyunhyub Ko at UNIST’s School of Chemical substance and Energy Engineering, further studied tentacles to build up an adhesive which could match their suction properties.

Octopus Tentacle Suction Cups:

Octopus movement is certainly governed by suction cups less than each tentacle-each suction cup includes a cavity, the pressure which is controlled by encircling muscles. By changing the new air pressure in the cup, the octopus could make its cavities thinner or thicker to be able to supply the necessary suction or release.

By imitating how octopus’ muscle groups work for contraction and launch, Ko and his group engineered intelligent adhesive pads.

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Schematic representation of microcavity arrays within the octopus-inspired intelligent adhesive pad. (Image thanks to UNIST. )

They used a silicon-based natural polymer, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), to generate microscale suckers. PDMS can be nontoxic and nonflammable. By adding the element of pores covered with thermally responsive polymers, adhesives function similar to how muscles contract and release .

Tests showed that the walls of the pads contract when the material heats to 32ºC, creating suction. At room temperature, each wall pit remains in an ‘open’ state. Application of high temperature increases adhesive strength from 0. 32 to 94 kilopascals.

Applications for Smart Adhesive Pads:

The team also reported that they made some indium gallium arsenide transistors that sat on a flexible substrate and used it to move nanomaterials to a different type of flexible material. This means that the smart adhesive pads can act as a substrate for wearable health sensors. Other applications include Band- Aids or sensors that stick to skin at normal body temperatures and fall off when rinsed under cold water.

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ESA Funding Boosts Development of SABRE Spaceplane

It’s about time that rockets had a revolution in design. While Orbital ATK and NASA will work on putting people beyond cislunar space and eventually getting them to Mars, the UK’s Reaction Motors Ltd. has been creating a prototype rocket engine that may fly from the planet earth to low orbit and back again on a single stage.

Enter SABRE:

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A new cutaway of the SABRE engine’s nacelle. (Image thanks to Reaction Engines Ltd. )

The European Space Agency (ESA) and the united kingdom government have already been funding the SABRE program since this past year. The UK Space Company has recently invested £50 million which latest €10 million investment agreement from the ESA marks the ultimate agreed-upon contribution.

Mark Thomas, CEO of Response Motors Ltd., said, “We’ve had precious assistance from ESA and UKSA up to now, and today’s agreement is really a further vote of confidence not only in the revolutionary potential of this technology, but our ability to deliver on it. We are now entering an exciting phase where we can accelerate the pace of advancement to get SABRE up and running. ”

The SABRE is unique in that is has two distinct rocket modes of operation.

Air breathing mode-The engine sucks in atmospheric air flow as a source of oxygen (as in a typical jet engine) to burn with its liquid hydrogen gas in the rocket combustion chamber.

Conventional rocket mode-The engine is definitely above the transitions and atmosphere to using standard onboard liquid oxygen.

This is made possible by way of a revolutionary heat exchange system within the engine. Because the air enters the motor at high temperatures extremely, it passes by way of an operational program of tubes containing ruthless helium. This drops the heat range to more manageable ranges in less than 20 milliseconds.

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A new simplified diagram of SABRE’s routine. (Image thanks to Reaction Engines Ltd. )

This allows the engine to use at higher speeds than traditional jet engines, that is necessary if you need to get out of orbit. It also reduces the amount of oxygen that needs to be carried on the plane, greatly reducing the vehicle’s weight. A potentially more impactful use of the engine is with in-atmosphere flight, where the engine could make a trip from London to Sydney in about four hours. This is a massive difference from the current 20+ hours needed for the trip, which includes a stopover.

The SABRE is being developed with Reaction Engine’s SKYLON spaceplane in mind, which would place it as you of few vehicles in development for regular trips to space currently. An unpiloted, reusable spaceplane with the capacity of moving upward of 15 a great deal of cargo between your Earth and space could certainly be useful. The SKYLON will be in early development still, but with the backing of the ESA, it might become a reality as soon as 2020.

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Wiivv Lays Mass Customization at Your Feet

As Internet users become increasingly accustomed to the personalization offered by their Facebook cover photos and Tumblr themes and the limitless variety of products available on Amazon. com, they may also begin to expect the same customization and wide selection when it comes to purchasing everyday consumer products such as clothing.

Very few manufacturing technologies can handle delivering such tailored products simply because 3D printing personally. Because they are in a position to translate 3D data files into physical truth, 3D printers can change from producing one geometrically complicated item to some other without the need to generate entirely brand-new injection molds. The bulk customization many anticipate to become on the producing horizon will likely rely greatly on 3D printing technology for this reason.

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3D-printed insoles from Wiivv. (Image courtesy of Wiivv. )

One product that may seriously benefit from a 3D-printed touch fits in the niche between your foot and the sole of your shoe. When it comes to insoles, not merely has 3D printing matured to create mass customization feasible sufficiently, but orthotics can take advantage of the technology actually. Compared to the standard one-size-fits-all approach of bulk manufacturing rather, insoles should be designed to fit their wearer.

At least a few companies are looking to tackle the orthopedic market by combining 3D scanning with 3D printing to give insoles a much- needed 21st-century update. Of those firms, Wiivv Wearables stands out by launching the most funded 3D-printed product on Kickstarter.

What It Takes to create an Insole:

Traditionally, custom shoe inserts are created through such antiquated techniques like plaster foam and casting package impressions. Patients will have their ft cast in plaster or fiberglass or, alternatively, get a foam impression of their feet by pressing them into boxes specially designed for the purpose of creating custom insoles. The cast or impression is then sent to an orthotics lab that uses these molds as negatives with which to produce the final insert.

Even more recently, 3D scanners have already been developed to create digital types of ft, which are then used because the schedule for CNC milling a new foam block in to the orthotic insole. Technologies by Wiivv along with other startups seems to get this process a step more, combining the widespread strength of smartphones with the additive strength of 3D publishing to streamline the procedure while also rendering it more accessible to a larger audience.

3D Scanning with the Contact of a Button:

Though smartphones may feature built-in 3D scanners soon, several software developers are leveraging the principles of photogrammetry to translate a series of 2D images into 3D models. Wiivv uses its own proprietary software to transform photos taken with a smartphone into custom-fitted insoles.

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A Wiivv graphic illustrating the photo measurement process. (Image courtesy of Wiivv Wearables. )

The Wiivv iOS app is simple to use. All that’s required is to snap a picture of each foot from the top, with your heel pressed against a wall and on top of a blank sheet of papers. Then, you take pictures from the relative side together with your iPhone on to the floor and leaning against a walls . The same image is taken without your feet as well, giving the Wiivv software a background from which your foot can be isolated.

Without giving away any tech strategies, Manuj Aggarwal, director of software at Wiivv, explained how the software works, “We take the images and run them through a group of sophisticated and proprietary image processing and computer vision algorithms to detect and extract the info from these 2D images and construct a 3D model from it. This 3D model is tell you our customization engine to create biomechanically engineered products then, which best are custom insoles now. ”

The shoe insert is further personalized through selecting one of six various patterns for the very best layer of the insole and something of four various colors for the base. Combined with the 3D model created by the five photos snapped with the Wiivv iOS app, the ongoing company has everything it needs to begin manufacturing the product.

3D Printing for each and every Individual:

Wiivv can 3D printing a number of insoles within all of its selective laser beam sintering (SLS) 3D printers, located at the firm’s manufacturing services in San Diego, Calif. The entire manufacturing process is really a trade magic formula, but Ryan Coyne, director of developing and operations at Wiivv, did admit that there are nonadditive technologies involved in the ultimate construction of the insoles, as well as some company-specific techniques applied when post-processing the products once they are 3D printed.

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The 3D-printed nylon insole is combined with a neoprene cushion. ( Picture courtesy of Wiivv. )

Coyne explained, “You can find very unique steps and procedures necessary to prepare and finish custom 3D-printed parts. While we are creating a vision for the bulk customization factory of the future, there are many processes that are currently performed manually that we are building automations for. The machines and the tools we use have been particularly chosen to produce the standard of finish we anticipate from our finished item. ”

The opportunity to 3D printing in-house, in accordance with Coyne, allows the business to efficiently iterate products rapidly and, along with advance the manufacturing technology itself. “[W]e may also be looking to the near future and the ability to iterate on the producing process itself. Wiivv will be at the forefront of the adaptive producing revolution required for the production of mass customized, body perfect gear. ”

The materials used for the process are, again, a closely guarded secret, but Wiivv does on some materials from Evonik rely, a German chemical firm that delivers powders for SLS such as for example polyamide 12. The company lately announced that it has became a member of HP’s Open Platform plan and will developing components for the tech giant’s brand-new Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) 3D printing technology. Evonik can be an investor in Wiivv also, but there has not yet been recently any announcement that MJF will be used to produce the next generation of Wiivv products.

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3D-printed insoles custom-made for the feet of the author.

Using Wiivv’s 3D-printed insoles is just a tad easier than using the iOS app. You slip them into your shoe and commence walking simply. The 3D-printed, nylon base is fairly firm, however the neoprene cushion and silicone heel pad are soft extremely. The way that the bottom insoles curve exactly together with your foot makes them a lot more comfortable. The basic idea of having your name imprinted onto both sides of the orthotics certainly feels private, like running a luxury item tailored for you just.

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The 3D-printed side of the bottom insole with silicone heel pad and anti-slip tread. The author’s name is 3D printed directly into the insole, just below a personal serial number.

Whether or not they’ll add “ten active yrs ” to my life, as Wiivv hopes its products will, is yet to be determined, however they seem as though they could make moving around on your own feet a bit easier.

Beyond 3D-Printed Insoles:

Everyone we spoke with in Wiivv managed to get clear that the ongoing firm isn’t limiting itself to 3D-printed insoles. In actuality, custom inserts are simply a stepping stone to products tailored to the fit and form of every individual.

Shamil Hargovan, co-founder and CEO of Wiivv, hinted that the ongoing organization would begin its product expansion in your community of footwear. Hargovan explained, “Wiivv will be looking towards expanding in the footwear room with services, partnerships, distribution companions and evolving our adaptive production system to further keep your charges down and decrease delivery times. ”

Hargovan further hinted that brand-new apps were along the way that may even involve new mobile technologies (Tango, anyone? ): “Bringing more of our technology directly into the hands of the consumer via their smartphone and leveraging new mobile device technologies are ways Wiivv is focusing on continuing to grow our brand and tech stack. ”

Additionally , Wiivv seems to be looking towards the future of manufacturing as a whole, embarking on a distributed style of production perhaps. Aggarwal pointed away that the program is not limited by capturing foot data or to photogrammetry. Various other 3D scanning technology could be implemented for designing items that fit people from head to toe.

“The way we have been going about building our stack is more of a platform approach instead of an app approach. This system could possibly be used to onboard several manufacturers who have much larger capacities and much deeper geographical reach than Wiivv. We are able to leverage the power of our software platform to quickly route our custom fitted products to these 3rd party manufacturing facilities and ship these products to Wiivv customers rapidly and efficiently, ” Aggarwal said.

Aggarwal also hinted in the usage of other 3D scanning technology that brings Tango in your thoughts, saying, “Moreover, our system is made to accommodate adaptive manufacturing procedures and can use any input-aka ‘scanner agnostic’-and may produce any format of result. So , than following a particular manufacturing process rather, we are creating a flexible, scalable software platform. ”

Nothing is More Technical Than People:

In other words, Wiivv has a flexible approach to manufacturing that some might say is both necessary to 3D printing as a means of end production and a more sustainable manufacturing model overall. Actually companies like Airbus have begun to give credence to distributed producing, which would see systems like 3D printing used to create products locally and on-demand, hence limiting the fossil fuels (and costs) connected with shipping, reducing wastage connected with maintaining stock and marketing local economies.

All this is leading towards a far more personalized experience for person customers. Hargovan suggested that “one-size-fits-all” doesn’t connect with modern shoppers. “ Imagine if the same kind of customized item could be offered at the same price as its generic substitute and in exactly the same amount of period? This is actually the point of bulk customization-creating a fresh standard that every product could be custom built for every person and their need says, without more time or cost, ” Hargovan said.

Hargovan added, “One of the most unique and complicated objects in this world is the human body-from fingerprints to iris patterns, we are unique in many ways. Wiivv is creating body perfect gear that is available for the everyday consumer, custom built for them at a similar price to the ‘off the shelf’ alternatives. ”

The basic idea here’s that individuals are, after all, individuals. As bulk customization becomes possible, not merely will our social media marketing pages reflect our individuality, however the products we eat will too. Wiivv, specifically, aims to operate a vehicle this trend. The firm could be starting with insoles, but it’s clear that new products will be rolled out just as new 3D printing and scanning technologies hit the market.

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Nippon Steel Develops Stronger and Lighter Automotive Steel

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Nippon Steel’s new automotive sheet metal is 25 % stronger and 20-30 pct lighter compared to the toughest high-tensile steel available.

The battle between aluminum and steel for dominance in the automotive sector rages on, and in wake of a potential third combatant entering the ring even, steel has struck another blow.

Based on the Nikkei Asian Review, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal has developed a new form of automotive steel sheet that is 25 percent stronger and 20-30 percent lighter than the toughest high-tensile steel on the market today.

Currently, the highest grade of cold-rolled steel that is commercially available has a strength of 1, 180 MPa (171 ksi). In comparison, the new steel has a strength of 1 1, 470 MPa (213 ksi). The new steel was produced through improvements to the heat treatment process and the addition of alloy elements. As a result, the material is more resistant to cracks from the stamping process.

Although the material is still not as light as aluminum alloy or carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic, its price is only 30 percent of aluminum’s and approximately five percent of carbon fiber’s. Nippon Steel is conducting verification tests presently, and plans to marketplace the product for used in vehicle frames, chassis along with other automotive components in 2020.

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China Seeks to Join Top 10 Robotics Nations by 2020

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China is seeking to aggressively expand its robotics marketplace at home and join the very best 10 of the world’s most intensively automated nations by 2020, skyrocketing from their current position of 28th.

As of this moment, China’s manufacturing industry includes a ratio of 36 robot systems per 10, 000 workers. The China Machinery Business Federation has announced that its goal is to more than quadruple this quantity to 150 robot devices per 10, 000 employees in less than four years.

As a point of reference, South Korea stands in first place with 478 units, while the US occupies 7th place at 164.

For China to try and claim 8th invest the robots per employees rank, they might need to produce and sell 100 domestically, 000 industrial robots from now until 2020 annually.

Today, Chinese manufacturers take into account only 31 pct of the sales volume within their domestic industrial robot marketplace. Foreign manufacturers command the rest of the 69 percent of the marketplace share.

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( Picture courtesy the International Federation of Robotics. )

Chinese manufacturers only accounted for 25 % of the domestic market share inside 2013.

“By the ultimate end of 2020, I reckon that the talk about of the domestic marketplace enjoyed by Chinese robotic manufacturers may increase to 50 percent, ” said Dr . Daokui Qu, CEO of the Chinese robot maker Siasun, at the latest International Federation of Robotics CEO Circular Table in Munich.

The quick growth the Chinese marketplace is experiencing is basically motivated by the Manufactured in China 2025 (MiC2025) policy, incentivising manufacturers to defend myself against quality-over-quantity philosophies, in addition to a drive to innovate within industrial automation in order to turn into a high-quality manufacturing nation.

Midea Enters Fortune Global 500 as Shares in KUKA get to 85. 7 Percent:

Chinese companies like Midea appear to seriously be consuming the policy.

Midea took control more than Kuka following the company claimed 85 recently. 7 percent of the German company’s shares in an USD$4. 4 billion bid.

The home appliance producer turned smart automation mogul announced that it has entered the Fortune Global 500 for the very first time at 481st, july 20th following the updated ranking of the world’s most significant corporations were declared on.

Midea offers invested $3 billion in study and development over the past five years and now operates R&D institutes in the US, Japan, Germany, Italy and Singapore.

The Chinese company also acquired Toshiba’s home appliance business this year and 80 percent of the Italian air-conditioning manufacturer Clivet, for $145 million.

Midea’s global platform now operates more than 200 subsidiaries, nine strategic business units and several full-scale operations covering R&D, manufacturing and sales in six countries, including Vietnam, India, Belarus, Egypt, Brazil and Argentina.

Midea and Foxconn are prime examples of how China’s MiC2025 policy is working to incentivize its major manufacturers. This is also something Western manufacturers and policy-makers need to keep an eye on if they don’t want to be taken off guard when 2025 lastly rolls around.

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Draught Beer at 36,000 Feet

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Welcome to the mile- high pub. (Image courtesy of KLM. )

Instead of the canned beer typically available on airplanes, passengers of KLM Royal Dutch Airlines may soon be able to enjoy draught beer at high altitudes thanks to the company’s partnership with Heinkein and a specialized keg design.

A Keg Designed for Airline flight:

Heineken’s product designer, Edwin Griffioen, had to come up with a keg design capable of fitting in the small space of an airline aisle without using the carbon dioxide cartridges often found home tap installations since they are prohibited on airplanes.

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Diagram of a standard draught beer system. (Image courtesy of BeerTech. )

The design also had to take into account the difference in pressure at high altitude, with lower air pressure on the airplane compared to sea level. Because of this, standard beer taps would create too much foam if used on airplanes.
The key, according to Griffioen, is the balancing air pressure and the diameter of the tap.

“We were able to set the size of the tap and the new air pressure to the right combination, which delivers at 36, 000 feet (11, 000 m) a similar beer as you would can get on the bottom, ” he said.

The kegs also needed to be compressed to fit in to the airline catering trolley space, which meant sacrificing the coolant system.

To compensate for having less conventional refrigeration, the beverages trolley was redesigned to do something like a new thermos and keep carefully the beer under 5°C. Heineken reviews that the beer taste is unchanged. Delivered frosty to the Amsterdam Airport terminal, four kegs could be loaded onto each flight.

“We are always searching for typical Dutch products to create us apart from others, ” said KLM in-flight providers vice president Miriam Kartman. “Heineken has been our beer companion for several years, and we both understand that customers price a beer from draught greater than out of a can. ”

The good thing for beer connoisseurs is that the on-tap beer is likely to be available next month. Start of the tap support is pending until the airline obtains security certificates from civil aviation authorities.

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Electric Motorcycle Refuses to Tip Over

Have you ever heard of the Ford Gyron?

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Ford Motor Company’s Gyron idea car.

Unveiled on the Detroit Motor Show within 1961, this idea car was stabilized making use of gyroscopes. Unfortunately, it had been never put into production.

However , an electric enclosed motorcycle from Lit Motors aims to revive this concept and put it into practical use. Meet the C-1.

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(Image courtesy of Lit Motors. )

The founder of the design, Danny Kim, developed this two-person vehicle to provide a level of safety lacking in ordinary motorcycles.

A Motorcycle that Never Falls Down:

The C-1 is so small; how could it possibly provide the safety against collisions with big trucks? Designers do not disappoint in this area since the vehicle includes seat belts, multiple airbags and a steel-reinforced framework to provide the safety normally found in four-wheeled cars.

The technology preventing the vehicle from tipping is the gyroscopic stability system: two large gyros on the bottom spin in opposite directions to keep the automobile upright. They’re so effective, the C-1 can endure a sideways impact from an SUV and not tip over.

This video demonstrates the smart design of the vehicle, which remains upright when force is applied:

A gyroscope is a spinning wheel and maintains its spin axis direction independent of the outer frame orientation. If rotated or tilted, the spin axis position is maintained since the gyroscope design applies the conservation of angular momentum.

Key Features of the C-1:

According to the vehicle’s designer, the C-1 is 100 percent electric, reaches speeds beyond 100 miles per hour and has a range of up to 200 miles before needing to recharge. High-torque, in-hub motors allow the vehicle to accelerate from zero to 60 in six seconds.

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The Gyroscopes inside the C-1. (Image courtesy of Lit Motors. )

Charge times depend on the voltage; it can take six hrs (110/120 volts) or significantly less than a half hr (400/500 volts). There’s room for either two travellers or one passenger with space for daily needs.
The state delivery start date is not announced, but preorders estimate a cost of $24, 000.

Oftentimes, drivers head to work within their large SUVs that may seat 4-6 people; hopefully, the C-1 will undoubtedly be available, and if purchased, the pollution from vehicles is a nagging problem of days gone by.

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New Disney computer model predicts how people perceive softness of 3D printed objects

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As we’ve seen over the last few months, Disney has become very interested in 3D printing – perhaps because they are envisioning a future for custom 3D printed toys and merchandise. But in many ways, reliable 3D printing production is very limited still. From high-res 3D printing procedures to replicating reflective qualities onto 3D printed surfaces, Disney has been tackling various production challenges therefore. Sufficient reason for their newest computer design, they have tackled what may be the most significant issue for 3D printed playthings: how individuals perceive the softness of 3D printed objects.

For that is a thing that is unpredictable largely. Identical 3D printed items made on two separate 3D printers don’t necessarily have the same, and lots of factors are participating – from components and textures to expectations. According to Disney researcher David Levin, predicting the softness factors could be crucial for the production of predictable and interchangeable toys.

With MIT’s Wojciech Matusik and reseachers Piotr Didyk collectively, Michal Piovarč we, Hanspeter Pfister, Jason Rebello, Desai Chen and Roman Durikovič, he therefore developed a new computer model that can be used to predict the softness or stiffness of certain 3D printable materials. Their findings have just been published in a paper entitled An interaction-Aware, Perceptual Model for Non-Linear Elastic Objects.

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As you can expect, it is a really challenging issue because contact is everything – from buyers to doctors, everyone uses it all and haptic impression is among the most important senses we’ve arguably. While a complete lot may be accomplished with material choices, 3D printers are sadly limited by a select band of options – so when 3D printed those materials bring their very own haptic attributes to the table. Lastly, the 3D printers themselves and the parameters utilized can all affect the ultimate results.

To be sure, the Disney team are not the first to try and predict these features – other studies have sought to tackle the problem through micro-structures and standard metrics (L2 standards). However, those approaches ignored a crucial component for haptic interaction: the users themselves. “People use many cues to judge softness, including texture, size and location, so it was critical to base the model on what humans perceive. This team was able to use that input to accurately predict how objects of various materials and geometries will experience, ” Jessica Hodgins, vice president at Disney Analysis, said.

To build up their perceptual model, the researchers had to jump into individual experimentation therefore. And as softness depends upon a complete large amount of factors, the researchers first developed many internal structures of objects which you can use to tailor how an object responds to squeezes and pokes. Because the scientists described, this compensates for the different ‘feeling’ different materials have. “Since physical stiffness can be expressed using measured force-displacement data, we consider this as the main cue for compliance. Consequently, we seek a relation between the force-displacement characteristic and the ” feeling ” of compliance, ” they say.

During the development of their model, they therefore first made twelve different sample materials, all 3D printed in cubes with different cylindrical inner structures – each defined by the particular four parameters of block dimension, distance between your cylinders and two radii to get the cylinders. We were holding presented to 20 individuals during 78 blind trials, for a complete of just one 1, 560 comparisons. “ These were asked to guage which test block was even more similar to the reference with regards to softness. Individuals were asked to connect to the samples in a path perpendicular to their surface. This interaction mode gets rid of the effect of anisotropy present in the fabricated cubes, ” the researchers say.

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The results were intriguing. “ On average, in 72. 22% of the cases subjects gave the same answer. Next, to test the inter-subject variability, we asked all participants to perform one trial on the same set of randomly chosen 36 triplets. On average, 93. 88% of most responses were consistent with vast majority votes, ” the researchers reveal. The Disney was allowed by this data group to compare various computational versions, letting them identify the ones that can accurately and effectively evaluate human-perceived differences in non-linear stiffness. This subsequently resulted in the development of these own perception-predicting model which, while not fool-proof, certainly can be applied in practical manufacturing situations and even for complex geometries.

To examine the model, the researchers actually set up a further experiment with a seahorse model 3D printed within five different materials, most with different attributes: TangoBlack+ (Objet500 Connex), TPU 92A-1 ( Laser beam printer), Flexible resin (Ember printer), Smooth-On Dragon Epidermis 30 silicone rubber (casting), and Smooth- In Ecoflex 00-30 silicone rubber (casting).

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With all the L2 norms, simply 85 of the 160 human preferences were correctly predicted (53 percent). “ On the other hand, our model could predict 125 answers (78%). The prediction was in keeping with the majority vote always. This suggests that through the design process our design can provide meaningful suggestions to artists regarding the material choice, ” the experts say.

Without completely foolproof thus, it certainly looks like the Disney model can more accurately predict perceived differences between objects than other models. Finally, their method is also much quicker that competing models. While perception is obviously based on more than just poking ( which the Disney model centered on ), this tool are a good idea. Specifically, the researchers think that their model can guidebook the 3D printing procedure to ensure that various 3D printers using different components can ultimately produce items that feel the same. Could this imply that 3D printed Disney playthings are coming finally?

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Catch ’em all! This 3D printed Pokémon Go iPhone case makes every Poke Ball throw perfect

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Something miraculous has been happening for approximately three weeks roughly. A generation that was considered to never make use of their knees again abruptly got up and spent hrs walking outside and discovering the countryside. And all it got was a particular app inspired by probably the most addictive franchise on earth: Pokémon. Even though Pokémon Go has been made to be accessible to participants of every skill degree, there’s just one single hurdle that many players have a problem with: throwing Poké Balls. Although it looks so simple, obtaining a perfect swipe to toss the Poké Golf ball and catch that Psyduck can be a very frustrating process. But there is a solution: a 3D printable iPhone case that ensures a perfect swipe, each and every time.

Of course this is by no means the first Pokémon Go-related 3D printing project. Just last week, designers used 3D printers to tackle the most frustrating limitation of smartphone technology: battery life. Their solution? A completely thematic 3D printed PokéDex smartphone case that doubles as an extra battery pack.

While that smartphone case certainly enables users to include a few extra miles with their Poké Adventures, it can nothing to make getting those Zubats any easier. And we’ve all been confronted with that frustrating reality whenever we just can’t seem to perfectly flick the balls in a straight line. We’d rather not disclose how many Poké Ball we’ve wasted ourselves. Let’s just say that the nearby Poké Stop is of vital importance. But the Poké Ball Aimer by John Cleaver might be the perfect solution. A 3D printable iPhone case, it features a special trench that covers most of the screen and ensures that your aim is correct every time.

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Designed for the iPhone 6, it’s an ingenious little 3D printing project that just shows what a bright mind can achieve with a desktop FDM 3D printers. While John did not disclose his known reasons for designing it, we are able to only assume he struggles along with his Poké Balls just as much as we perform. “Can’t very get that perfect throw? Frustrated when countless Poké Balls randomly sideways fly? Worry no more! This 3D printable Poké Balls aimer ensures your finger in no way goes astray. Slip your iPhone in to the case simply, provide it a flick, and you’ll be getting Pokémon easily, ” he says of the design.

This clever little display screen cover will undoubtedly be straightforward to 3D print fairly, and should suit on about every 3D publishing platform out there just. If you’re interested, you will discover the downloadable styles on Thingiverse here. What’s even more, though this case happens to be only appropriate for the iPhone 6, John already said that he intends to alter it for other phones if there is sufficient interest.

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The only downside is that the Poké Ball Aimer is definitely a screen cover. It hides quite a lot of the cool details and the Pokémon’s CP number, only leaving room for a couple of on-screen controls. More frustratingly, it certainly won’t be usable for gym battles and makes navigating on the augmented fact map much more difficult. This might mean getting it off and putting it back on again repeatedly – but at least it’ll save you tons of Poké Balls and outings to the Poké Stop. It is possible to wonder if this screen cover up is really a form of cheating also, but remember: everything goes into love, war and Pokémon.

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Nuclear power and 3D printing are the driving forces behind Audi F-Tron Concept car

Russian automobile designer Grigory Gorin has developed the Audi Mesarthim F-Tron Quattro, a nuclear- powered, 3D printed concept car. The monocoque chassis of the car would be 3D imprinted in a lightweight metallic alloy, with the engine driven by way of a fusion reactor with plasma injectors.

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With the impact of global warming being felt all over the planet, the necessity to switch from fossil fuels to cleaner resources of energy hasn’t been more urgent. Wind, solar, and nuclear power all give cleaner energy options to fossil fuels, but their execution has so far been limited by electricity generation in a small number of forward-thinking nations. And while the necessity to convert strength stations to greener strategies is completely imperative, there remains another massive greenhouse fuel offender on every street: vehicles. Putting two and two jointly with regards to clean auto and power emissions is Russian car developer Grigory Gorin, whose new 3D printed idea car runs on the nuclear fusion reactor rather than a petrol engine.

Gorin’s Batmobile-esque new design can be an Audi Idea, called the “Audi Mesarthim F-Tron Quattro” following the Mesarthim star program in the Aries constellation. And while the fusion reactor at the car’s core won’t burn for millions of years, it could, according to its designer, generate cleaner and more efficient energy to energy the super-cool, Audi-inspired vehicle in which it sits. The F-Tron’s fusion reactor and plasma injectors are surrounded by converters which transform the reactor’s heat energy into steam ( which can later on be reused via condensers). The generated steam then spins a turbine attached to a generator, which charges batteries attached to the front, back, and sides of the car. These batteries power wheel-mounted electric motors which propel the vehicle.

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In addition to its innovative nuclear engine, the F-Tron concept car also features a stylish 3D printed monocoque chassis, dubbed the “ Solid Cage, ” which would be 3D printed in a lightweight alloy with polymer support. This 3D imprinted chassis encloses the powertrain, which can only be accessed after removing sections of the 3D printed entire body, while a magnetic hydro- powerful handling system installed on the car’s underside really helps to develop downforce and improve handling utilizing a magnetic liquid which reacts to a magnetic street surface area. Gorin’s incorporation of additive making technologies follows similar 3D printed idea car styles from EDAG, Rolls-Royce, Shell, among others.

“ The thought of the project Mesarthim F-Tron would be to draw focus on nuclear fusion and [the chance for deploying it as a] safe and green power source, ” said Gorin, who views nuclear fusion because the natural next location for the charged power field. Based on the Russian car designer, “ you’ll be able to provide energy to almost all of the population of the planet ” when industry finally makes such a move.

Gorin’s ambitious design probably won’t be adopted by Audi any time soon, but if cars of the future do end up using a combination of nuclear fusion and 3D printing technology, the Russian designer will have every right to feel proud of his weird and wonderful design.

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Revolutionary Chinese all-in-one casting and forging metal 3D printer used for stealth jet fighters

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The Chengdu J-20.

Last week just, a team of Chinese experts from the Huazhong University of Science unveiled a remarkable 3D printer that could change metal manufacturing altogether: the all-in-one casting and forging metal 3D printer. This revolutionary machine combines 3D printing, casting and forging in a single device, and produces high quality results while eliminating excess material and equipment costs. It thus certainly has the potential to be used in just about any industry, but Chinese aviation specialists are the first to adopt it and are using this 3D printer to produce critical parts for China’s fifth generation fighter jets, including the stealthy Chengdu J-20 and the Shenyang J-31.

Of course this is by no means the very first time the Chinese authorities applied 3D printing to armed service production; Chinese warships first started taking 3D printers to sea back early 2015 having an optical eye about emergency repairs. However the fact this new 3D printer has already been used for critical part manufacturing showcases its usefulness and dependability.

The 3D printer itself was developed under the leadership of Zhang Haiou, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Huazhong University of Science. Upon its unveiling, he claimed to have “broken the biggest obstacle facing the 3D printing industry. ” This disruptive technological is especially remarkable for realizing an increased part strength and toughness ( compared to other technologies), an improved product lifecycle, and higher reliability.

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According to its developers, the technology could also be used to generate thin-walled metal components while eliminating excess equipment and materials costs. Relying on an inexpensive electric arc as a temperature source and low-cost metal cable as a raw materials, it includes an utilization rate as high as 80% or even more – whereas traditional methods are lucky to attain 5%. Of course the necessity for big casting, forging and milling tools can be removed – as all processes are usually directly managed through the 3D printer – to help expand reduce the dependence on investments.

What’s more, the 3D printer is quite open and large to an array of materials. The first iteration of this hardware can work with eight kinds of materials, including titanium alloy, for aircraft and marine use, and steel, for use in nuclear power stations. This machine has already successfully built a part that 2. 2 m long and weighs 260 kg, as well as a forging part measuring 1800 × 1400 × 50 mm. An even larger version of the 3D printer is already under development.

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But the all-in-one casting and forging metal 3D printer is also remarkable for one other reason: the 60-year-old professor Zhang Haiou developed it in collaboration with his wife professor Wang Guilan, 53, who teaches at the same university. Together, they have been working on metal manufacturing techniques for more than 18 yrs, plus they clashed about it frequently. Back in 2008, they had a battle about Zhang Haiou’s proposal to integrate casting even, milling and forging in one machine – which his spouse called a fantasy. “I do not really blame her, as casting, forging, milling have existed as divided technologies for a large number of years, ” the professor recalled.

But the quarrel did open up their minds an resulted in a number of experimentations with a team of college students. “At that time I thought that if it does not work, at least he could just give up, ” his wife recalled. “Although I often criticize his failed tests, I still unconsciously use his methods for testing. When it’s wrong, we start arguing, but try again soon. ” The couple spend most of their time working on R&D.

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The Shenyang J-31.

While the researchers themselves earlier said that their innovations will be especially useful in the aerospace, production and automotive industries, the Chinese defense sector cannot pass up with this technology either. Several components for Chinese fighter jets ( thought as the Chengdu J-20 and the Shenyang J-31) have previously entered limited creation, with all parts manufactured in an individual piece – which would’ve been difficult using subtractive manufacturing strategies or other steel 3D printing solutions.

That is an essential breakthrough, as multi-component geometries are thought to negatively affect lifetime and performance cycles. The parts themselves are 3D printed in TC4 titanium alloy, resulting in excellent tensile strength, yield strength, ductility and toughness properties. Experts already verified that the parts are more stable than those made by traditional casting. And with a squadron of twelve J-20 heavy stealth fighters featuring these parts expected to be completed in 2017, it looks like metal 3D printing is also becoming a fundamental element of China’s defense industry.

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Rize Arises with Voxel-Level 3D Printing and Limited Post-Processing

While HP was stealing the show with its Multiple Jet Fusion (MJF) technologies at RAPID 2016, another however unknown company showcased its disruptive 3D printing platform. Not really wishing to yet go open public with news about its item offering, Mass. – centered Rize was quietly telling attendees related to its Augmented Polymer Deposition (APD), a patented 3D printing technology in a position to produce engineering-grade parts with minimal post-processing or toxic fumes sufficient reason for practical capabilities rivaling those promised by HP with MJF.

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The Rize One 3D printer is with the capacity of 3D printing near isotropic parts without post-processing. (Image thanks to Rize. )

Rize is now all set public with APD and the new Rize One 3D printer-and there is a lot to go public about. For instance, the firm has already announced its first beta customer, Reebok, which will utilize the technology for prototyping sneakers and plastic components for athletic equipment mostly.
Within an interview with ENGINEERING. com, firm President and CEO Frank Marangell could speak at great duration about APD and its own potential effect on 3D printing present and potential future.

What is APD?

What’s immediately most striking on the subject of APD may be the advantages it has more than other technology, particularly fused deposition modeling (FDM). Unlike FDM, along with almost every other 3D printing process, APD requires very little post-processing. Once a part comes off the print bed, support structures are easily removed by hand.

No pliers, bead blasting, saws or sanding, as is sometimes required with FDM and stereolithography (SLA) parts. No super glue baths, as is used with binder jetting. No high-pressure water chemical substance and jetting baths, connected with Multi or PolyJet Jet. And no excavation, as sometimes appears in selective laser sintering.

Rather, APD blends thermoplastic extrusion, much like FDM, with inkjetting, much like PolyJet and Multi Jet. As a specialty thermoplastic called Rizium One, developed by Rize in- house, is extruded onto the develop plate, an inkjet head will be able to deposit a range of unique inks to print for a variety of applications.

In the entire case of very easy support removal, this material is really a repelling ink called Release One, that is deposited between your print and the help structures. While both print and the works with are manufactured from Rizium One, an engineering- and medical-grade plastic, the Release One prevents the two from forming a strong bond. That way, once the print is complete, the supports can be removed from the part easily.

Ultimately, Rize estimates so easy support removal enables users to cut total 3D printing turnaround period simply by 50 percent. Marangell relayed that, whenever a Reebok engineer visited Rize headquarters near Boston, “he previously to go into the workplace at 6 am to start post-processing parts he had printed over night, otherwise the engineers weren’t going to get their parts that day. With the proper solution, he wouldn’t have had a need to do that. ”

Actually, Gary Rabinovitz, Additive Manufacturing Lab Manager at Reebok, is quoted in a recently available Rize news release as saying, “We operate our 3D printers 24/7 to generate the right parts main to Reebok’s innovation and unfortunately, post processing has been a necessary but laborious and time-consuming process. An easy-to-use, zero post-processing 3D printer like Rize would dramatically improve workflow, enabling us to deliver parts as much as 50 percent faster than similar technologies, while reducing the price of labor, equipment and materials. ”

The Qualities of Rizium One:

This easy support removal lends some essential properties to the APD platform. Of all first, APD allows the Rize Someone to 3D printing with quite strong thermoplastics, such as for example Rizium One. While Marangell cannot disclose the exact character of Rizium One, he referred to it as much like polycarbonate (PC) in terms of strength.

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A 3D-printed part created with the Rize One. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

He said that, due to the way that the material bonds during the printing process, Rizium One is able to retain much of its isotropic properties, and therefore the parts printed inside this material have almost exactly the same strength everywhere (X, Y, and Z). This differs from almost all 3D printing technologies, which cannot create parts which are as solid in the Z-axis, because of the weak bonds that type between each layer of material. For this reason, these bonds are referred to as anisotropic.

“[Rizium One is] a compound thermoplastic that is high up in the engineering thermoplastic pyramid. It’s not one material. It’s not Personal computer, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ( Abdominal muscles ), or polylactic acid… It offers properties similar to PC. It has about the same strength as PC, although we’ve the effectiveness of ABS in Z twice. We’re nearly isotropic, ” Marangell said.

Marangell explained that components made out of the Rize One only expertise a ten percent loss in isotropic attributes, when compared to stock material. Typical FDM components, on the other hand, may lose around 40 percent of their Z-strength. He further pointed out that not even all injection-molded parts have 100-percent isotropy, due to the way that the mold is created.

If exactly the same Rizium One filament were extruded by an FDM device, however , the support structures would relationship too well to the printing, making them impossible to successfully remove very. Therefore , the mix of Rizium One with the Discharge One enables these PC-like components to be published without support-related issues.

Being an engineering- and medical-grade material, Rizium One is suited to both industrial and biocompatible applications. While a manufacturer might use ADP to produce jigs and fixtures, a health care provider or dentist might 3D printing dental or surgical guides. An added benefit may be the known fact that, in accordance with Marangell, Rizium One will be eco-friendly in that it generally does not produce ultrafine toxic contaminants while printing.

ABS, however, may create styrene mainly because a byproduct, a toxic chemical that is potentially dangerous when inhaled. For this reason, those 3D printing with Abdominal muscles are sometimes advised to keep up 3D printers in a well-ventilated workshop, rather than in an office or classroom environment.

Marangell likened his product to the noticeable change that has occurred with document printing, when a printer lab was as soon as separate from the primary office, however now it’s possible to possess 2D printers on one’s desktop computer. “That’s what we’re getting to the engineering workplace. That kind or kind of efficiency. Once you bust the chain of the 3D printing lab, the opportunity is endless. You can put the system chairside in a dental office to make dental drill guides or orthodontic alignment tools. Or in a medical office for medical guides, ” Marangell said.

The thermoplastic used in combination with ADP, nevertheless, is not limited by Rizium One. Other plastics come in the ongoing works, including a graphene-infused filament which Marangell suggested could have near-isotropic properties also, thus fully exploiting the features of graphene everywhere .

3D Printing with Voxels:

While HP has now claimed the word “voxel” for its own use, the word has been in use to represent three-dimensional pixels since at least the ‘80s. Only since the advent of 3D printing gets the word denoted the chance of actually controlling physical issue just how one might control a 2D pixel on some type of computer screen. Up to now, however , HP has been mostly of the companies to claim the opportunity to do so. That’s, until Rize went community with ADP.

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Voxel-level handle enables ADP to 3D printing full-color parts, though the initial release will only print in grayscale. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

“At each voxel, we’re able to jet an additive of our choice. Our IP is based on thermoplastic extrusion and then jetting an additive on each voxel wherever it makes sense to change the characteristic of that material, ” Marangell said.
Due to the inkjet print head, it’s achievable to bind thermoplastic filament with functional inks. For easy assistance removal, that is Release One, but , this August and September as Rize ships its first five beta devices to customers, the Rize One may also come with the opportunity to 3D printing detailed text message and pictures with the company’s Marking Ink. This ink is jetted anyplace and anytime it’s needed in the file to printing directly onto parts.

In future releases, Marangell says, this ability will be expanded to encompass the complete CMYK color profile. More than that, Rize will also come out with other functional materials, such as conductive, thermo-insulating and thermo-conducting inks. “Immediately, you can imagine what else we can do with [voxel- level 3D printing]#@@#@!!… It is possible to create active smart sensors to be able to already have a 3D-printed part which has active components in it. A battery can be developed by you inside a 3D-printed structure. The sky’s the limit. ”

One specific software that the business is working on may be the ability to change the mechanical properties of the plastic by coating it with a flexible additive in order to produce comfortable, but effective hearing aids. Many of the world’s hearing aids today are 3D printed with SLA technology, which limits the structure of the device to one material property.

What Rize intends to do is to 3D printing them so that the inside channel of the aid is rigid, in order that audio can bounce through the listening to canal, while the outside is coated in soft, flexible materials so that it fits inside a wearer’s ear comfortably.

The Rize Team:

If you’re already worked up about ADP and its potential, you have the 14- person Rize team to thank, all of whom have important backgrounds from a number of companies associated with the 3D printing industry. Founder and CTO Eugene Giller, for instance, was the senior R&D chemist for Z Corp, inventors of the colourful binder jetting technology in charge of 3D-printed shelfies.

Co-founder Leonid Raiz worked like a new senior vice president of PTC before founding architectural CAD company Revit, that was purchased by 3D Firm Software ultimately. Raiz has applied a few of his CAD engineering skills to integrate an unique feature into the Rize 3D printing software that fixes imperfect documents and makes them printable.

Even the firm’s Vice President of Marketing, Julie Reece, comes from both Zcorp and Mcorp, famous for its full-color paper 3D printing technology, and the Vice President of Customer Support, Amnon Hamami, hails from Stratasys through Objet.

Marangell, too, is really a 3D publishing veteran, having acted simply because president of Objet THE UNITED STATES. “I was bringing foreign businesses ’ technologies to the united states marketplace, often Israeli companies. When Objet found the US in 2006, somebody informed them about me and the others was history. I started Objet USA and grew it to the point where we were going to do an IPO in 2012 and we ended up merging with Stratasys. ”

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A complex part 3D printed with the Rize One. (Image courtesy of Rize. )

Altogether, the team has 20 3D printing patents between them. One patent, which has fallen into public domain right now, is in many ways, in accordance with Marangell, the foundation for HP’s MJF. While Giller had been at Z Corp, he done a technology for fusing plastic material powder that has been patented by the ongoing corporation . When Z Corp didn’t further pursue it, it fell into open public domain, preventing HP from submitting patenting the technology even.

With all this past history, this new startup has seen all the flaws connected with traditional 3D publishing technologies and contains the skills necessary to address those flaws. It’s no surprise then that Longworth Venture Partners and SB Capital provided Rize with $4 million in seed funding and that ADP has attracted such a high profile customer as Reebok.

The Future of ADP:

In the near term, Rize is prepping for the official release of the Rize One. In August and September after shipping out its first five devices, the company will begin the entire release in Q4 of the year. Rize plans to sell the Rize One with a price of $19, 000, though an all-inclusive package will be sold for about $25, 000.

This price competes with the Stratasys uPrint, which has a roughly $19, 000 price tag. With a larger build volume of 12 in X 8 in X 6 in (300 mm X 200 mm X 150 mm) and prints that don’t require post-processing, however, the value of the Rize may exceed that of the 8 in x 8 in x 6 in (203 mm x 203 mm x 152 mm) uPrint.

In the even more distant future, it’s clear that people can expect new components, new 3D printer models, plus some very exciting applications. HP may need to keep its eye with this 3D printing startup just.

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Virtual Seat Solution 2016 Expands Aeronautics and Automotive Seat Design Tools

From in-flight enjoyment and Wi-Fi choices to food options and seating arrangements, the differentiations between one airline and another haven’t been as distinctive for travellers as they are today. As the quality of in-flight enjoyment and food choices are essential certainly, perhaps nothing at all can dictate a flight expertise quite like the comfort and ease of an airplane seat.

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Virtual Seat Solution 2016 supports multiple virtual prototyping processes ranging from manufacturability and safety to passenger comfort. (Image courtesy of the ESI Group. )

Aiming to streamline the design, certification plus testing procedure for airplane seating, the Virtual Seat Solution through the ESI Group has assisted designers and producers virtually prototype concepts with no need for costly physical prototypes.

Avoid Reinventing Components for Automotive Seats:

For its most recent release, Virtual Seat Solution 2016, the ESI Group has included several improvements to the virtual prototyping software solution.

One improvement includes the ability to reuse previously modeled parts through the iteration stage. The component parameters governing these reused parts can also be changed as the final design of the seating evolves. This new guided strategy streamlines the process of generating new seat ideas while preserving important design details during the development process.

Another time saver is definitely that the software automatically updates the performance details of the seat as the engineer adds new components.

With updated certification guidelines built directly into the software, engineers can also build seat designs virtually based on set parameters without the headache of finding out after producing a physical prototype that the design won’t meet regulations.

In total, the updates add even more flexibility to the existing capabilities of the software, including simulating living space, static and thermal comfort of passengers as well as the ability to simulate in-flight vibrations.

“Virtual prototyping is really a proven industrial method of precertify the manufacturing performance and procedure for an innovative product, such as for example our Titanium seat, ” stated Vincent Tejedor, CTO of Expliseat. “Our experience dealing with the ESI Group’s Virtual Chair Solution confirms the effectiveness of this solution in accelerating innovation. Virtual Seat Remedy has helped us drastically decrease the development time normally necessary to design an innovative product and contains allowed us to boost the business enterprise value of our business in record time! ”

Ensuring Automotive Seats Are Around Code with Simulation:

The brand new release of the Virtual Seat Solution sees improvements for the design of automotive chairs also. Engineers may use the guided seat design generation tool to greatly help define new seat ideas and reuse parts.

The simulation tool can also look into whiplash testing to ensure drivers and passengers will be safe. This whiplash testing is compatible with ChinaNCAP, EuroNCAP and JNCAP standards.

Engineers can also use a new BioRID II v3. 0 dummy in their virtual prototype testing and in a new seat positioning tool to adjust the chair into configurations that meet industry standards.

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Engineering a Better Earplug

Flare Audio gets the mindset that folks should enjoy pure audio, undistorted. They make an effort to design and build items around the basic principle of waveform integrity – the transmission moving into a system is equivalent to the sound wave that happens of a system. The business is owning a highly successful advertising campaign for ISOLATE – strong titanium micro ear plugs style to isolate the listener from sound.

The plugs can be found in both titanium and aluminum bases, with ear foams because the material to the touch an user’s ear. The product claims that traditional earplugs absorb sound waves filtering out some waves while letting others pass. ISOLATE plugs can block the sound waves completely and allow your ears to conduct the sound instead. Three different sizes of ear foams are currently available to accommodate every ear canal.

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Designing around the idea that lower frequencies can product more energy, the plugs seek to completely block the low energy sounds to protect an user’s ears from long term damage. The safety element gives more chance for the plugs to be used in a producing or racing environment, and may also have the ability to help users to settle a louder environment. The guideline that I’ve heard is 85 decibels because the upper limit for secure sound and Flare appears to use that threshold aswell.

The ear plugs have a patent pending style however the campaign page says that no electronics are employed in the assembly. I’m uncertain if which means the patent depends on the geometry of the plug’s base or when there is a novel method that the material has been used or manufactured. The comments section mentions many times that testing was accomplished in-house that can’t be released to the general public but independent laboratory examining will be conducted and released in the coming months.

It’s great to see a recognised company continue to develop services which are unique in design and also conscious of safety. Using a complete redesign approach to any object, actually earplugs, can lead to new ideas. The campaign will be funded on August 14 and first devices are expected to ship in September, 2016.

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Touch Probing, Roughness Measurement and More

Heidenhain Touch Probe Replacement:

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The TS 642 touch probe replacement. (Image courtesy of Heidenhain. )

Just one wrong swivel and it’s really done: the contact probe collides badly with the workpiece or the chuck. To make sure that such a collision no results in an extended machine standstill longer, Heidenhain supplies the TS 642 now, an universal alternative to the contact probes of the company’s TS 6xx series.

If the collision happens with among Heidenhain’s known touch probes-TS 640, TS 641, TS 649 or TS 632-the TS 642 can be acquired as an universal alternative. This common probe reduces the clients ‘ stocking of spare parts because it can replace all the touch probes of the TS 6xx series. So only one model has to be in stock.

Furthermore, the original transceiver can remain in the machine and all the original cables can also be used. Even the styluses are compatible. After an exchange, the existing taper shank can continue to be used.

The properties of the TS 642 correspond essentially to those of the known touch probes but with the following extras:

Sensor technology with a service life of at least 5 million probes
Integrated workpiece cleaning jets functioning with air or coolant
Longer battery life and flexible using various batteries
Large infrared range around 7 m with wide transmitting angle

Mahr Federal Roughness Measuring Device:

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The MarSurf PS10 roughness measuring unit. (Image thanks to Mahr Federal. )

Mahr shall introduce the brand new MarSurf PS 10 Roughness Measuring Device at IMTS 2016. The MarSurf PS 10 is really a practical roughness measuring device for mobile use. Utilizing a smartphone-like 4. 3″ TFT touchscreen display, the unit is made to be fast, user-friendly and intuitive.
The brand new generation MarSurf PS 10 design measures 31 roughness parameters, supplies a list of “favorite” functions in the screen and provides laboratory- level performance on the shop floor.

“The portable MarSurf PS 10 offers a perfect entry into the world of surface measurement, ” said George Schuetz, Director Precision Gages for Mahr Federal. “Weighing in at just a pound, the unit’s display adjusts to allow users to measure in all positions – horizontally, vertically or upside down. In addition , the unit can be mounted on a measuring stand to provide a stationary roughness measuring instrument for small workshops. ”

The measuring unit is intended for quick roughness testing in and on a machine while in production. It is ideal for use in high quality assurance of switched and milled parts, surface and honed workpieces, on huge machines, large workpieces or for use with incoming inspection. Auto cutoff selection is designed to ensure proper measurement results by the non-metrologist even.

The number of measuring applications is expanded by the capability to remove the get unit from the MarSurf PS 10 and operate it separately from the display, providing an individual with an increase of flexibility. The drive also includes built-in “Vees” to aid small diameter parts through the measurement routine. Optional probes for various measuring tasks enable the measurement of gears and serious measuring points such as for example in grooves or bores. The battery power recharges in 1 . 5 hrs and enables over 1, 200 measurements per charge.

Measuring information from the MarSurf PS 10 could be saved within TXT, X3P, CSV, or even PDF formats as finished measuring records with no additional software. A Mahr calibration certificate is roofed in the scope of delivery, and error-free measurements are made feasible by the integrated and removable calibration standard.

Marposs Optical Measuring Answer:

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The Optoquick M60 optical measuring solution. (Image courtesy of Marposs. )

Marposs will introduce its most recent inclusion to the industrial gauging solutions portfolio at IMTS-2016. Optoquick is a high-precision gauging solution created for the shop floor atmosphere and integrating Marposs multi-sensing technology. Optoquick is intended to greatly help line operators with quick and precise quality handle of shafts directly next to the manufacturing machines.
Along with any typical optical dimensions, as diameters, run-outs or radii, the Optoquick can inspect concave and key-slots profiles unavailable through shadow casting analysis.

Optoquick features wide measuring range, part capacity around 1200 mm in length, motorized tailstock for part shift and manual in addition to automatic loading options. Multiple gauging programs can be loaded into a single machine, enabling the operator to measure different parts in sequence by scanning a barcode to instantly activate the right measuring setup.

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Inside the Optoquick. (Image courtesy of Marposs. )

“In design, we targeted the most demanding needs for precision gauging controls in the shop floor” states Roland Lang, marketing and product sales supervisor of the flexible gauging techniques at headquarters. “ We’ve worked hard on the primary gauging technologies with the target to overcome traditional trade-offs also to create a superior solution for the. Activities like loading and handle of a new component or validating a gauging outcome are fast as practical for operators , nor require any specialized expertise. ”

Methods Machine Tools Digital Optical Comparator:

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The 700 Series VisionGauge digital comparator. (Image courtesy of Methods Machine Tools. )

Methods Machine Tools, Inc. will showcase the new extended-travel 700 Series VisionGauge Digital Comparator.
The new extended travel machine features a 24” x 24” x24” envelope and tilt and rotary axes based in a trunnion configuration, which can accommodate parts weighing up to 100 lbs. The system configuration would work for larger and heavier components such as those within the Industrial Gas Turbine sector.

The 700 Collection VisionGauge has 5 axes of movement (X, Y, Z Rotary and Tilt) make it possible for an user to accurately view parts from all sides and is completely automated, eliminating operator-to-operator variation and potential error.

The 700 series may be used for the inspection of EDM and laser-drilled cooling holes, automatically verifying hole presence in addition to measuring hole location and geometry and contains the opportunity to measure complex parts made via additive manufacturing. It helps both round and shaped holes and works equally well on both coated and uncoated parts.

An ultra-bright, computer-controlled multi-angle, multi-quadrant and all-LED illumination via a programmable, computer-controlled system is regular on all machines. The operational system has built-in 5-axis corrections and powerful fixture correction, along with full 3D mapping.

Introduced in 2014, the initial 700 Series VisionGauge includes a 12”x12”x12” envelope and a tilt and rotary phase assembly that is mounted in a cantilever configuration. This is suitable for inspecting smaller, lightweight parts such as blades, vanes and heat shields in the aerospace industry .

“We’re pleased that the 700 Series VisionGauge now offers an extended-travel version that can inspect large, heavy parts. This fills a definite need in the inspection and measurement world, ” said Steve Bond, national product sales manager, Methods Machine Equipment, Inc.

The VisionGauge comes with an optical system designed for a protracted depth of field, providing clarity and focus of a part’s geometry regardless, in addition to a lengthy working distance. The machine has adaptive feature-detection software equipment that locate holes and slot machines on different surfaces with varied reflectivity and at different viewing angles. That is useful when coping with burrs and splatter especially.

VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators certainly are a fully-digital drop-in alternative to traditional optical comparators. The comparators work directly with the part’s CAD data and do not require any overlays, Mylars or templates. Systems are Windows-based and delivered network-ready in a shop-floor, “rolling cart” configuration.

The comparators can be set up to automatically collect complete electronic documentation and device history for SPC and quality compliance purposes. VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators allow users to compare a part to its CAD data automatically in real time. VisionGauge Digital Optical Comparators are available in vertical and horizontal configurations and are exclusively distributed throughout North America by Methods Machine Tools, Inc.

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New on the Shop Floor: 5-Axis Machining and Additive Manufacturing

AIM Centre of Excellence for 5-Axis Machining:

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The new Belotti 5-axis machine. (Image courtesy of AIM Altitude. )

Part of the AIM Altitude aircraft interiors group, AIM Composites is investing in a new Belotti 5-axis milling machine for the high- speed trimming of complex moulded components. This will be housed alongside an existing UNITEAM 5-axis, new measurement equipment and supporting software.
Chris Leese- Wood, managing director at AIM Composites, said: “ The majority of our projects for the AIM Altitude Group, as well as outside customers, require quite a lot of 5-axis machining. It really is, therefore , essential that we spend money on an in-house capability. This can support our current production requirements, combined with the anticipated future upsurge in this part of our work. Typically, we operate a huge selection of one-off components each complete month to complete an individual ship-set of parts. These small batch-sizes imply that quick turnaround and setup of components is crucial. ”

With the target to supply a “Centre of Excellence” for complex 5-axis trimming of components, AIM obtained a purposely-configured machine from Belotti. Furthermore, the UNITEAM 5-axis machine has been transferred from AIM Altitude’s Cabin Interiors division.

“The two machines offer significant capabilities to both our internal and external composites customers, ” said Leese-Wood.

The investment includes associated software and equipment to aid the new processes. The machine has become configured with MSP probing also, make it possible for in-process validation and probing.

Proto Labs Expands Additive Production with Concept Laser:

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Concept Laser’s Mlab cusing and M2 cusing devices inside Proto Labs’ factory. ( Picture thanks to Proto Labs. )

In anticipation of the expansion of its 3D printing service and the grand starting of its brand-new facility, Proto Labs, Inc. provides chosen Concept Laser to function as anchor of its steel additive manufacturing center.
Proto Labs shall integrate several Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines into its new 77, 000 sq . ft. facility this year later. The LaserCUSING technology is supposed to check its existing portfolio of industrial 3D printing, CNC machining and injection molding processes.

“Our business is built on a foundation of velocity, efficiency, and delivering a superior quality of parts. Concept Laser metal powder-bed systems provide us with the ability to deliver on that promise to our customers, ” said Rob Connelly, Proto Labs’ vice president of additive manufacturing. “The Mlab cusing and M2 cusing machines from Concept Laser enable us to manufacture with a variety of reactive and non-reactive metal powders in various build volumes. ”

“ Maximum throughput without compromise to quality is one of the competitive advantages our machines offer. The integration of safety features, such as the closed-loop material handling system along with the patented passivated filter-change mechanism, minimizes the operator’s contact with streamlines and powders the procedure, ” said John Murray, cEO and president of Concept Laser beam Inc.

LaserCUSING systems may use a number of alloys, enabling prototypes to be functional equipment crafted from the same material as creation components. Since the components are designed layer by layer, you’ll be able to style internal passages and features which could not be cast or elsewhere machined.

Mlab cusing and M2 cusing devices produce full-strength, functional metal components with the potential to transition into metal injection molding when increased production is needed.

Sciaky to Deliver Electron Beam Additive Manufacturing System to EWI:

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The 110 EBAM system. ( Image courtesy of Sciaky. )

Sciaky, Inc., a subsidiary of Phillips Service Industries, Inc. and provider of metal additive manufacturing (AM) solutions, recently announced that EWI purchased an Electron Beam Additive Manufacturing (EBAM) system.
EWI is an engineering and technology business in North America dedicated to developing, testing and implementing advanced manufacturing technologies for industry.

Sciaky and EWI will work together to produce prototype parts for manufacturers in a variety of industries across the U. S. Both ongoing companies intend to co-market their metal 3D printing capabilities to industry.

“Sciaky is quite excited to utilize an innovator such as EWI, ” said Mike Riesen, Common Supervisor of Sciaky, Inc. “Beyond merely selling an EBAM program to EWI, Sciaky shall collaborate with EWI to advance and promote EBAM technology into mutual areas of interest. New applications and solutions will undoubtedly be discovered under this interesting partnership surely. ”

Sciaky’s EBAM systems can make parts which range from 203 mm (8”) to 5. 79 m (19’) long, but can also manufacture smaller and larger parts, depending on the application. The system has gross deposition rates ranging from 3. 18 to 9. 07 kg (7 to 20 lbs. ) of metal per hour.

In addition, a dual wirefeed option enables two different metal alloys to be combined into a single melt pool to create “custom alloy” parts or ingots. The combination ratio of the two materials can also be changed to create “graded” parts or structures.

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The Form 2 3D Printer: Affordable Industrial SLA On Your Desktop

Formlabs entered the 3D printing market with an enormous splash inside 2013 with the proper execution 1 stereolithography (SLA) 3D printer, probably the most funded crowdfunding tasks ever going to Kickstarter. Since then, the company significantly is continuing to grow, expanding into the international market, launching its flagship machine, the Form 2, with a developing line of functional resins for 3D printing.

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The Form from Formlabs is an affordable desktop SLA 3D printer with high resolution. (Image courtesy of Formlabs. )

The Form 2 is the latest version of the flagship 3D printer from Formlabs. The desktop-sized SLA system includes a build level of 5. 7 in × 5. 7 inside × 6. 9 in (145 mm × 145 mm × 175 mm), that is 40 percent bigger than the prior Form 1+. Having a 250-MW laser (50 percent more powerful than that of the proper execution 1+) with a spot size of 140 microns, the proper execution 2 has improved quality over its predecessor and will be with the capacity of layer thicknesses as great as 25 microns (. 001 inside ). A cost of $3, 499 can make the Form 2 competitive with more expensive industrial SLA machines.

Other features include an automated resin system, with which new material cartridges automatically fill the resin tank while an object is printing. The Form 2 also improves on the Form 1+ through the addition of a sliding peel mechanism with a wiper and heated resin tank, enabling the fabrication of larger solid parts with fine details.

An integral Wi-Fi and touchscreen connectivity produce the proper execution 2 office and workshop set, allowing users to remotely deal with the printer. Formlabs’ PreForm software, incorporated with the printer, provides auto-orientation and smart support generation built-in.

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Parts printed on the proper execution 2 3D printer. (Image thanks to Formlabs. )

Since spun away of MIT initially, Formlabs has developed not just a highly regarded 3D printer, but also its own line of photopolymer resins. These include Formlabs’ standard clear, white, grey and black formulations, and also functional resins, which range from castable, flexible and tough materials to the biocompatible Dental SG resin.

How the Form 2 Works:

The Form 2 is an SLA 3D printer, and therefore it focuses a laser beam onto photosensitive resin to be able to fabricate parts. In the entire case of the proper execution 2, this laser is really a 250-mW, 40-nm violet laser, that is directed at a number of mirrors installed to a custom-designed galvanometer program that bounces the UV lighting onto the resin. The resin is situated in a heated container sitting above an optical screen. As the light hits the resin, it is instantly hardened.

The print bed is then raised up in increments, allowing the next layer of resin to be cured. With each coating, the optical window slides from side to side, allowing for a clean separation of the part from the resin tray within the tank. Next, a wiper wipes the certain area, ensuring an spread of materials for the next layer even.

These features, not contained in the Form 1+, allow for a larger print success price and for the publishing of larger parts. The brand new side-peeling system prevents prints from getting trapped to the resin tray, as the wiper prevents excess materials from blocking the laser since it efforts to harden the proceeding layers.

Unlike extrusion-based desktop technology, which produces less detailed objects at relatively sluggish speeds, SLA is known for its high resolution, smooth surface finish and relatively quick printing pace. The use of a laser makes SLA ideal for very fine features, though it may not be quite as fast as digital light processing systems.

The Form 2 in Action:

In developing a line of “Smart Nursery” products, a company called Rest Devices has relied on the Form 2 3D printer to prototype products and create jigs and fixtures for its manufacturing operations. Specifically, Rest Devices leveraged the Form 2 for designing the Mimo Smart Baby Monitor, meant to provide parents with data about their infant’s sleeping patterns.

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The Mimo monitor snaps onto a baby’s clothes. (Image courtesy of Formlabs. )

The Mimo device consists of a plastic turtle, which houses sensors for monitoring a baby’s heart rate and sleeping position. Rest Devices utilized the technology to create jigs for pressing magnets into the base of the turtle. The company also used the printer to fabricate a rig for programming circuit boards with a cameras and computer vision to identify the ID on each Mimo.

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Products 3D prints jigs and fittings to in-house produce goods. (Image thanks to Formlabs. )

Rest Devices is really a small operation, which styles and tests its items in-house before dealing with a contract producer. Having a desktop computer 3D printer in-house boosts production, while reducing price. As Rest Products engineer Silas Hughes elaborated, “3D printing [ will be ] an intrinsic part to how the items developed, how we consider developing and how exactly we manufacture. ” He added, “ In our manufacturing process, if we weren’t using 3D printing, simply put, it would take longer and it would cost more money. ”

Thomas Lipoma, founder of Rest Devices, spoke to the qualities of the Form 2 . “We are definitely a big fan of Formlabs and 3D printing in general. We have used every type of commercial 3D printing available and one of the big advantages [of the Form 2] is the level of quality for the purchase price, ” Lipoma said. “With the proper execution 2 we are able to get an top quality extremely, high resolution printing on a small desktop system that is very reasonable. In addition , selection of print materials is unparalleled with regards to the different material qualities we are able to achieve. ”

Lipoma added, “ I’d say that, as the Form 2 gives extremely top quality prints, the print time along with the final cleaning/curing can take a bit of time and energy. ”

Manufacturer: Formlabs

Model: Form 2

Material: Standard clear, white, grey and black resins; functional castable, flexible and tough resins; biocompatible Dental SG resin

Build Envelope: 145 mm × 145 mm × 175 mm (5. 7 in × 5. 7 in × 6. 9 in)

Layer Thickness: 25µ (. 001 in )

Printer Dimensions: 342. 9 mm x 330. 2 mm x 520. 7 mm (13. 5 in × 13 in × 20. 5 in)

Printer Weight: 13 kg (28. 5 lbs)

Recommended Uses: Rapid prototyping; 3D printing castable products, such as for example jewelry, electronic components and dental care crowns; producing fixtures and jigs

Machine Price: USD$3, 499

Who Should Utilize the Form 2:

The Form 2 can be an affordable high-resolution professional desktop 3D printer, rendering it perfect for any continuing business seeking to increase production through in-house prototyping. Businesses can leverage the proper execution 2 for short run production of custom goods. Due to the Form 2’s precision, Dental labs and jewelers can 3D print castable models for jewelry and crowns. Readers can request a free sample part printed on a Form 2 from Formlabs here.

Why You Wouldn’t You Use the Form 2:

Those looking for a printer capable of mass production and fabricating large- scale objects may want to look for a bigger machine.

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